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ISSN 0160-8029
Number 67, Winter 1995
Editor: Robert M. Hiatb
Highlights fiom the 1994 Annual Report
Cooperative Cataloging Programs in Fiscal Year 1994
NACO Hebraica Funnel
Library of Congress Rule Interpretations
Series Description and Access
Cataloging Guidelines for Interactive Multimedia
Subdivision Simplification Progress
Changed or Cancelled Free-Floating Subdivisions
Subject Headings of Current Interest
Revised LC Subject Headings
Subject Headings Replaced by Name Headings
LC Subject Headings Weekly List
Class H: Social Sciences
Editorial postal address: Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Collections Services,
Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 20540-4305
Editorial electronic mail address: [email protected]
Editorial fax n u m b c (202) 707-6629
Subscription address: Customer Support Unit, Cataloging Distribution Service, Library
of Congress, Washington, D .C. 2054 1
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 78-51400
ISSN 0160-8029 Key title: Cataloging service bulletin
Sarah E. Thomas recently issued her report as Director for Cataloging covering
fiscal year 1994 that ended September 30. Below are highlights excerpted from that report

Despite a reduction in staff due to budgetary constraints, staff cataloged a record
279,809 titles, 13,000 more than the previous record year in 1992, and over 110,000 more
than were cataloged in 1982

The directorate established twin goals of staying current with incoming receipts and
reducing the historical arrearage. Divisions concentrated on work completed exceeding
receipts, with the result that the directorate received 327,545 items for cataloging and
completed 337,171

Copr Cataloging
Perhaps the single biggest factor in increasing the production was LC's broad-scale
introduction of copy cataloging, the practice of adapting bibliographic records created by
librarians outside the Library for internal use. Copy cataloging has shot up from a mere
1,800 titles in FY 9 1 to more than 45,000 in N 94

Arrearage Reduction
A SWAT team concentrating on materials in English, French, and Italian in the
arrearage had cataloged over 7,000 titles, double "normal" production. A Hungarian SWAT
team eliminated the entire backlog of Hungarian titles in only 90 days, and an Arabic SWAT
team processed almost 5,000 items by the end of the fiscal year. Another team, made up
of 5 catalogers from various divisions and one from the Rare Books and Special Collections
Division, eliminated almost 100,000 pamphlet items in 3 months and left a well-organized
collection in its wake

Cooperative Projects
Another creative approach to increasing the number of titles cataloged was to
coordinate cataloging with other libraries. In one, LC gives priority to Mexican imprints,
while Princeton University assigns priority treatment to Italian titles, thus conserving the
resources on LC's romance languages teams with the goal of processing 7,000 titles at
substantially reduced cost and with increased throughput, since the Library will do original
cataloging on only 3,500, rather than 7,000 items. A project with Harvard University
differs in that Harvard and LC are cooperating in the cataloging of materials in LC's
respective German arrearage. Titles held in common by the two libraries are divided and
cataloged, with the result that LC's German language teams bear only half the load, and
titles can be cataloged with dispatch

The Program for Cooperative Cataloging gained momentum, with a major
recruitment effort bringing in over 35 additional ARL members wishing to participate and
numerous other libraries. With the endorsement of a core bibliographic record for
monographs, the PCC made noteworthy progress toward a standard record that would feature
access points under authority control and essential data elements that would lead to more
cost-effective cataloging. Authority contributions to NACO are up by 6% and bibliographic
record contributions increased by 98%. As the 36 libraries trained this year move to
independence, the Library can expect to see even more dramatic increases

Both the National Library of Canada and the British Library are cooperating with
the Library to reduce the number of inconsistencies in cataloging practice, making record
sharing easier, and in reviewing differences in the various versions of the MARC format used
for communicating the bibliographic records. The British Library began contributing
personal name authority records to what has been renamed the Anglo-American Authority
File. e
2 Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (Winter 1995)
Bibliographic Workstations
The bibliographic workstations (BWS) being installed throughout the Cataloging
Directorate have provided a powerful means of connectivity, multitasking, cutting and
pasting, macro use, and other features that are revolutionizing cataloging. The.many labor-
saving programs available through the BWS increased productivity for certain phases of
cataloging by as much as 25 % and reduced some clerical aspects of cataloging

The BWS played a key role in the pilot Electronic Cataloging in Publication program
and in the text capture and electronic conversion (TCEC) initiative led by the Bibliographic
Enrichment Advisory Team. In 1993, LC initiated a research and development project to
test the feasibility of transmission of electronic manuscripts over the Internet in lieu of
mailing the printed galleys. The University of Arizona Press, the University of New
Mexico Press, the University of South Carolina Press, the University of Tennessee, and
HarperCollins sent over 75 texts in electronic format to LC for cataloging in the clp
program. TCEC enables the Library to include tables of contents in bibliographic records
and to modify rapidly source copy obtained through searching over the Internet

Staff in the Cataloging Policy and Support Office made progress in the online
conversion of the LC classification schedules to MARC records. About half the schedules
have been converted and incorporated into a single database using the USMARC format for

Decimal Class~cation
The Decimal Classification Division, at over seventy years the oldest of the
directorate's outreach programs, added Dewey numbers to over 115,000 records, an
increase of 3,000 over F Y 93, and the editorial team completed work on the schedules and
tables for Dewey's Edition 21, to be published in 1996

One of the few and one of the most crucial appointments made in this year was that
of the chief of the Cataloging Policy and Support Office with Barbara Tillett filling the
vacancy left by the retirement of Ben Tucker two years' previous. Susan Vita assumed
responsibility for managing the Special Materials Cataloging Division in May to tackle the
enormous sound recordings arrearage along with a number of other challenges

The monographic cooperative cataloging programs coordinated by the Regional and
Cooperative Cataloging Division contributed to numerous successful accomplishments both
nationally and internationally. The staff of the Cooperative Cataloging Teams invested
significant time and effort to attain record achievements in NACO library expansion,
international library cooperation, innovative cooperative projects, documentation
contributions and improvements, and continuous NACO and SACO training enhancements

Total participation increased to 140 institutions, an increase of 36 over the previous fiscal
year, a record high. The number of NACO funnel projects doubled in FY 94; funnel projects
provide for joint ventures of several institutions to contribute to cooperative programs
through one coordinating institution, thereby pooling resources and sharing information

Despite staffing shortages, the catalogers on the Cooperative Cataloging Teams
conducted 21 separate NACO training classes (over 50% in the last quarter of the fiscal
year). True cooperation was achieved through the NACO institutions' willingness to pay for
half of the trainer's travel expenses. Representatives from two cooperating institutions
participated as observers during NACO training sessions in September, leading the way for
those observers to conduct eventually sessions on their own. Several newly trained NACO
participants attained independence in record time this year. The cooperative cataloging staff
also developed a pre-training package of information for future NACO institutions to
Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (Winter 1995) 3
introduce them to the program and its benefits; the NACO Panicipants' Manual was
published for the benefit of all NACO institutions; and, the NACO training outline and training
materials have been revised on an ongoing basis

SACO activities focused on training new libraries to submit subject proposals through
the online subject proposal form on MARVEL, eliminating backlogs of proposals,
collaborating with the Cataloging Policy and Support Office (CPSO) to streamline and clarify
procedures for handling cooperative proposals, developing guidelines for SACO membership,
creating new and revised online versions of the manual subject proposal and change forms
to be mounted on MARVEL, developing help screens to be used in conjunction with these
online forms, and working toward future expansion of SACO

In the international cooperation arena, cooperative cataloging achieved two major
milestones this year: the contribution of more than 3,000 personal name authority records
to the name authority file from the British Library and the inclusion of subject heading
proposals from the National Library of Canada to LCSH. Both these national libraries are
continuing their dialogue with LC in an effort to bring about greater cooperation. Other
highlights include a visit to LC from a representative of the National Library of Australia
and visits to Great Britain and Canada by members of the INTCO group

The Cooperative Cataloging Council (ccc) continued into its second year of
operation, concentrating on the transition to the (PCC), the establishment of a governance
structure for the program, and the expansion of the work done by the seven original task
groups. The reports of these task groups laid the groundwork for the formation of the PCC
by setting a standard for program bibliographic records, now known as the core record, and
suggesting a means for the efficient production and dissemination of all program records,
including authorities. The Library of ~ongrekswill function as the Secretariat and it is
expected that this role will primarily be carried out by the Regional and Cooperative
Cataloging Division and the Cooperative Cataloging Teams

October 2-7, 1994, marked the beginning of a cooperative cataloging project relating
to Hebraica and Judaica librarianship as catalogers from nine major Judaica libraries met
in New York City at the Jewish Theological Seminary and the New York Public Library
for formal NACO training. Participants were taught the details of creation and revision of
records in the National Authority File and learned procedures for submitting new and
revised LC subject heading proposals. The training covered the USMARC authority format,
AACR 2 1988, the LCRIS,and the Hebraica Cataloging Manual ( b y Paul Maher of LC) as
applied to the cataloging of Hebraica. Use was also made of a workbook for establishing
Hebrew and Yiddish personal names, consisting of 133 examples of name authorities
compiled by Joan Biella of LC

Brandeis University Libraries and the Lucius N. Littauer Foundation provided
generous support for the project

The first funnel record (nr94-33898) was submitted on October 11, 1994, by Gratz
College. Since that time additional headings have been flowing through the funnel
coordinator and into the national authority file

4 Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (Winter 2995)
Cumulative index of LCN to the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, second edition,
1988 revision, that have appeared in issues of Caaloging Service Bulletin. Any LCR~
previously publisi~edbut not listed below is no longer applicable and has been cancelled

Lines in the margins ( I ) of revised interpretations indicate where changes have occurred

Rule Nmber Page
Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (Winter 1995)
Rule Number Page
6 Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (winter 1995)
Rule Nwnber Page
Cataloging Senice Bulletin, No. 67 (Winter 1995)
Rule Page
8 Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (Whter 1995)
Rule Page
Chapter 11
Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (Winter 1995) 9
Rule Number Page
10 Cataloging Service Bulletin. No. 67 (Winter 1995)
Rule , Number Page

24.13, TYPE 2
24.13, TYPE 3
Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 67 (winter 1995) 11
Rule Number Page
24.13, TYPE 5
24.13, TYPE 6
24.18, TYPE 2
24.18, TYPE 3
24.18, TYPE 5
24.18, TYPE 6
24.18, TYPE 11
12 Cataloging Service Bulletin. No. 67 (FWnter 1995)

Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 20540-4305 Editorial electronic mail address: [email protected] Editorial fax numbc (202) 707-6629 Subscription address: Customer Support …

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