Emdr Client Handout Getselfhelpcouk

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Emdr client handout getselfhelpcouk

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Summary

EMDR – Client Handout
What is EMDR?
The mind can often heal itself naturally, in the same way as the body does. Much of this
natural coping mechanism occurs during sleep, particularly during rapid eye movement
(REM) sleep. Francine Shapiro developed Eye Movement Desensitisation and
Reprocessing (EMDR) in 1987, utilising this natural process in order to successfully treat
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Since then, EMDR has been used to effectively
treat a wide range of mental health problems

What happens when you are traumatised?
Most of the time your body routinely manages new
information and experiences without you being aware of it

However, when something out of the ordinary occurs and you
are traumatised by an overwhelming event (e.g. a car
accident) or by being repeatedly subjected to distress (e.g

childhood neglect), your natural coping mechanism can
become overloaded. This overloading can result in disturbing
experiences remaining frozen in your brain or being
"unprocessed". Such unprocessed memories and feelings are
stored in the limbic system of your brain in a "raw" and
emotional form, rather than in a verbal “story” mode. This
limbic system maintains traumatic memories in an isolated
memory network that is associated with emotions and
physical sensations, and which are disconnected from the
brain’s cortex where we use language to store memories. The limbic system’s traumatic
memories can be continually triggered when you experience events similar to the difficult
experiences you have been through. Often the memory itself is long forgotten, but the
painful feelings such as anxiety, panic, anger or despair are continually triggered in the
present. Your ability to live in the present and learn from new experiences can therefore
become inhibited. EMDR helps create the connections between your brain’s memory
networks, enabling your brain to process the traumatic memory in a very natural way

What is an EMDR session like?
EMDR utilises the natural healing ability of your body. After a thorough assessment, you
will be asked specific questions about a particular disturbing memory. Eye movements,
similar to those during REM sleep, will be recreated simply by asking you to watch the
therapist's finger moving backwards and forwards across your visual field. Sometimes, a
bar of moving lights or headphones is used instead. The eye movements will last for a
short while and then stop. You will then be asked to report back on the experiences you
have had during each of these sets of eye movements. Experiences during a session may
include changes in thoughts, images and feelings

With repeated sets of eye movements, the memory tends to change in such a way that it
loses its painful intensity and simply becomes a neutral memory of an event in the past

Other associated memories may also heal at the same time. This linking of related
memories can lead to a dramatic and rapid improvement in many aspects of your life

www.getselfhelp.co.uk www.get.gg
What can EMDR be used for?
In addition to its use for the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, EMDR has been
successfully used to treat:
 anxiety and panic attacks
 depression
 stress
 phobias
 sleep problems
 complicated grief
 addictions
 pain relief, phantom limb pain
 self-esteem and performance anxiety
Can anyone benefit from EMDR?
EMDR can accelerate therapy by resolving the impact of your past traumas and allowing
you to live more fully in the present. It is not, however, appropriate for everyone. The
process is rapid, and any disturbing experiences, if they occur at all, last for a
comparatively short period of time. Nevertheless, you need to be aware of, and willing to
experience, the strong feelings and disturbing thoughts, which sometimes occur during
sessions

How long does treatment take?
EMDR can be brief focused treatment or part of a longer psychotherapy programme

EMDR sessions can be for 60 to 90 minutes

Will I will remain in control and empowered?
During EMDR treatment, you will remain in control, fully alert and wide-awake. This is not
a form of hypnosis and you can stop the process at any time. Throughout the session, the
therapist will support and facilitate your own self-healing and intervene as little as possible

Reprocessing is usually experienced as something that happens spontaneously, and new
connections and insights are felt to arise quite naturally from within. As a result, most
people experience EMDR as being a natural and very empowering therapy

What evidence is there that EMDR is a successful treatment?
EMDR is an innovative clinical treatment which has successfully helped over a million
individuals. The validity and reliability of EMDR has been established by rigorous research

There are now nineteen controlled studies into EMDR making it the most thoroughly
researched method used in the treatment of trauma, (Details on www.emdr-europe.org
and www.emdr.org) and is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Clinical
Excellence (NICE) as an effective treatment for PTSD

Adapted from www.thetraumacentre.com
www.getselfhelp.co.uk www.get.gg

EMDR – Client Handout What is EMDR? The mind can often heal itself naturally, in the same way as the body does. Much of this natural coping mechanism occurs during sleep, …

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best resource to learn emdr therapy?

EMDR Consultation is the BEST resource to help you learn EMDR Therapy. Plus, you’ll receive access to many more EMDR handouts, resources and demos that I’ve created for EMDR clinicians.

How does emdr therapy work?

EMDR Therapy is a three-pronged approach that focuses on reprocessing of past events, current triggering stimuli, and adaptive rehearsal in future situations. This graphic provides a visual to illustrate this important EMDR concept. This Timeline Worksheet was created to help guide people through the process of creating a timeline of their life.

Is there an alternative to eye movements during emdr?

Whilst EMDR is carried out by a qualified EMDR practitioner, the following books give information on self help techniques using the tapping technique (bilateral stimulation) which is used as an alternative to eye movements during EMDR

How many emdr sessions does it take to work?

In the case of a single trauma sustained in adulthood, there will be 1 or 2 assessment sessions, followed by 1 or 2 sessions discussing and preparing for EMDR treatment, using some preliminary exercises (e.g. safe place imagery), and at least 1 or 2 treatment sessions.